Programme for Strengthening Fisheries Management in ACP Countries (ACP Fish II)
The ACP Fish II is the second phase of an EU programme, which has as its overall objective “to contribute to the sustainable and equitable management of fisheries in ACP countries”. The ACP Fish II aims to foster improved institutional capacity for fisheries and aquatic resources management. It specifically addresses knowledge requirements for sustainable management in ACP countries at all levels of decision-making.
Objectives and Outputs:
The overall objective of the Programme is to contribute to the sustainable and equitable management of fisheries in ACP countries, while the specific objective is to strengthen fisheries sectoral policy development and implementation in ACP Countries. The expected project outputs are: improved fisheries policies and management plans at the regional and national levels; reinforced control and enforcement capabilities; reinforced national and regional research strategies and initiatives; developed business supportive regulatory frameworks and private sector investment; and increased knowledge sharing on fisheries management and trade at the regional level.
Status of Project:
Implementation of the project, which will be managed under decentralized management through a Programme Management Unit (PMU) based in Brussels and a set of Regional Facilitation Units (RFUs) located in Belize (CRFM Secretariat), Gabon, Senegal, Uganda, Mozambique and Fiji has commenced. In relation to the Caribbean the first activity, a Regional Needs Assessment Workshop was held in Belize on 27 - 28 October 2009.
The First Meeting of the ACP Fish II Steering Committee was held on 29 January 2010 at the ACP Secretariat in Brussels to review the activities carried out during the start-up phase and the results of the regional needs assessment workshops. The Meeting also reviewed and adopted the first operational Programme Estimates (PE1).
In May 2010 a Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Agriculture, Belize, Agriconsulting Europe SA (AESA), Brussels, (Project implementing agency) and the CRFM Secretariat, Belize City was signed for office space on the ground floor of the CRFM Secretariat for the ACP Fish II Programme, Regional Facilitation Unit (RFU) Caribbean Office.
A second round of workshops was held over the period 31 August - 11 November 2010, with the Caribbean's workshop having been held on 28 - 29 October 2010 in Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis. The principal outcome of this round of workshops was the presentation and validation of the Regional Action Plans, which had been prepared by the Regional Managers in close collaboration with all stakeholders in the countries in their regions, during the 2nd and 3rd quarters of 2010.
The ACP Fish II Steering Committee, which is comprised of representatives of the ACP Secretariat, CARICOM / CRFM, CEMAC, COMESA, ECCS, ECOWAS, the Pacific Islands Forum, SADCA and UEMOA, as well as the European Commission and the CU and RFUs of ACP Fish II, held its second Meeting in 05 November 2010. The Regional Action Plans, which had been validated at the second round of workshops, were presented and approved by the Steering Committee. Also, the second operational Programme Estimate was presented and approved by the Steering Committee.
Under PE1, one regional and three national projects were undertaken. The objective of the regional project Finalisation of the Common Fisheries Policy was to complete a draft CFP for the Caribbean Community for submission to the CARICOM Heads of Government for consideration. To this end, a Multidisciplinary Workshop was convened in Guyana during 12 - 14 April 2011. The Meeting provided an opportunity for members of the group to discuss and clarify concerns; negotiate and arrive at agreement on the content of the draft agreement; propose working for the provisions of the draft agreement; and complete the draft agreement for submission to the Ministerial Council for consideration. The Multidisciplinary Workshop produced a negotiated Draft Agreement on the Caribbean Community Common Fisheries Policy.
The national projects were:
1. Fisheries data enhancement project, Dominica - The objectives were: (i) to extract useful historic data contained in an obsolete database and put them in a useable format for easy access and analysis; (ii) to provide training for 4 members of staff; and (iii) to recommend an effective data management and archiving system.
2. Develop and air 3 television and 6 radio clips, St. Lucia - The objectives of this project were to develop and air television and radio clips to promote awareness of critical aspects relevant to fisheries conservation and sustainable use.
3. Production of a 15-minute documentary, Trinidad and Tobago - The objective of this project was the production and airing of a 15-minute documentary to increase public awareness on the proposed changes in fisheries management in Trinidad and Tobago.
The First Programme Monitoring Workshop was convened in Belize from 4 to 5 April 2011, to review the status of implementation of projects funded under the first phase from June 2009 to May 2011; formulate Terms of Reference / plans for projects to be implemented under the second phase (June 2011 to November 2012) and agreed on the implementaion plan; and share lessons learned and experiences of project implementation to-date.
CRFM / JICA Formulation of a Master Plan on Sustainable Use of Fisheries Resources for Coastal Community Development in the Caribbean
The project “Formulation of Master Plan for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development and Management in the Caribbean” has been developed with the aim to conduct a study and formulate a Master Plan on the Sustainable Use of Fisheries Resources for Coastal Community Development in the Caribbean. It is being funded by JICA under the CARICOM/Japan Cooperation Agreement.
Objectives and Outputs:
The objectives of the study are: (i) to formulate a master plan for the sustainable use of fisheries resources in the Caribbean, focusing on small-scale operators in coastal communities; and (ii) to transfer relevant technology to relevant institutions and staff of CARICOM Member States and the CRFM Secretariat during the course of the Study. The expected outputs are: (i) a Master Plan on Sustainable Use of Fisheries Resources for Coastal Community Development in the Caribbean; (ii) Reports of Baseline and Pilot Studies conducted under the various components; and (iii) transfer of relevant technology to the institutions and staff of CRFM Member States and CRFM Secretariat during the course of the Study.
During the Study analyses will be undertaken and options proposed for a comprehensive resource management approach in the Caribbean region that may include diversification of the industry, and promotion of the optimal use of fisheries resources with cooperation between governments and communities. It will address the following components: (i) pelagic resource development and management; (ii) aquaculture development policy formulation; (iii) regional fisheries database development; (iv)support for community-based management; and (iv) education and training in the component fields in the CARICOM States. The main output will be a Master Plan on Sustainable Use of Fisheries Resources for Coastal Community Development in the Caribbean.
Status of the Programme:
The Scope of Work was signed by the CARICOM Secretariat, JICA and CRFM Secretariat in December 2008. A Pre-inception mission was undertaken during May 2009 by the Japanese consulting firm, IC Net Limited, and an Inception Report, which sets out the background and purpose of the study and the methods of implementation, including the conducting of the baseline survey, was prepared in June 2009 and provided to Member States for review. The baseline survey has been conducted by the regional consulting firm Trevor Hamilton and Associates, while CRFM/IC Net teams have undertaken field missions to Member States to conduct, with the assistance of the fisheries departments, analyses of the institutional arrangements for fisheries management and development as well as obtain data and information relevant to the various components of the Study.
The field missions having been completed, draft country and sector reports have been prepared and a draft preliminary Master Plan developed and circulated to Members States in November 2009.
The First Meeting of the Steering Committee, comprised of the Executive Committee of the Caribbean Fisheries Forum, was convened during 03-04 December 2009 in St. Vincent and the Grenadines to (i) review project activities to date; (ii) review and refine the draft preliminary Master Plan; and (iii) consider the long list of potential pilot projects and commence the process to short list suitable ones based on agreed upon criteria.
Following on the 1st Steering Committee Meeting in December 2009, and subsequent communication among the CRFM and JICA / IC Net Ltd, 3 pilot projects were selected for implementation in 6 countries between April 2010 and October 2011. The Pilot Projects and countries where they are being implemented are: (i) Pelagic Fishery Resource Development and Management using Fish Aggregating Device (FAD) in St. Lucia and Dominica; (ii) Development of Fisheries Statistical System Models in Guyana and St. Vincent and the Grenadines; and (iii) Small-scale aquaculture training in Jamaica and low cost small-scale aquaculture development in Belize.
The Japanese Experts supported by CRFM Staff visited the 6 countries in which pilot projects are to be implemented between February - July 2010 to develop detailed workplans for each project in collaboration with the Staff of the National Fisheries Departments / Divisions. MOUs between IC Net, CRFM and Member States regarding the implementation of the Pilot Projects have been executed for all pilot projects and implementation of the agreed work plans are now underway.
The results and lessons learnt from the Pilot Projects along with additional information gathered during the Study will serve to finalize the Master Plan, which is slated to be completed in February 2012.
The Second Meeting of the Steering Committee was held in St. Vincent and the Grenadines during 06 and 07 December 2010, to review the progress of the Pilot Projects for Coastal Fisheries Resources Management (include Pelagic and Demersal Species), Aquaculture Development, and Fisheries Statistical System; to receive status updates on the preparation of Country Reports and the Master Plan; and to review and discuss the Work Plan activities for 2011 and proposals for follow-up activities including the implementation of the Master Plan.
Implementation of the pilot projects continue with the convening of national and regional workshops. Two back-to-back workshops on FAD and Associated Pelagic Fishery Resource Development and Management were held in St. Lucia during 14-18 and 21-25 February 2011. The first Workshop provided opportunities for participants to develop their skills in FAD construction and maintenance, as well as in monitoring and management of FAD fisheries. Workshop 2 afforded participants opportunities to expand their knowledge and skills in technical, as well as management aspects related to development and management of FAD fisheries, with emphasis on the harvest of selected un/under-utilized resources, such as the diamondback squid. The workshop material was delivered through lectures, practical sessions, including field trips, and discussions.
Work also continued under the data management pilot projects in St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Guyana, with national training workshops in CARIFIS having been conducted in St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Statistical data is also being collected through visits to landing sites, etc. in both countries involved in this pilot project.
A National Training Workshop for small-scale and subsistent fish farmers was convened in Jamaica from 22 to 24 February 2011. This Workshop was followed by the First Regional Aquaculture Development Planning Workshop, also convened in Jamaica from 14 to 21 March 2011. Representatives from the six (6) CRFM Member States - Belize, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago, participated in the Workshop, which provided training in project cycle management, including problem analysis and planning, and assisted in the preparation of draft action plans for sustainable aquaculture development for the respective countries.
The Second Regional Aquaculture Development Planning Workshop is scheduled to be held during 29 - 31 August 2011 in Jamaica. The objective of the second workshop is to receive and review (i) the Progress Reports which set out the steps taken, including any difficulties encountered, to develop the Revised Draft Aquaculture Development Action Plan (ii) the Revised Draft Aquaculture Action Plans (including the project design matrix (PDM) and plan of operation (PO) which would have been modified and refined by consultants and discussion with stakeholders in respective countries; and (iii) the progress report and results of pilot projects on aquaculture development in Belize (testing of different feeds for selected species in extensive aquaculture) and Jamaica (training and extension with small-scale fish culture).
CARICOM / CRFM / Spain Project: Diagnostic Study to Determine the Poverty Levels in Fishing Communities in Selected CARICOM / CRFM Member States
This Project will seek to undertake a diagnosis of the socio-economic and demographic situations in fishing communities in selected CARICOM / CRFM Member States, especially as it relates to the determination of poverty levels in these communities, and its effects on the quality of life and community structures, in order to identify suitable models for planning and implementing alternative livelihood programmes and alleviate poverty in fishing communities. It is being funded by the Government of Spain under the CARICOM / Spain Scientific and Technical Cooperation Agreement.
Objectives and Outputs:
The objectives of the project are to organize a diagnostic study to determine the levels of poverty in fishing communities in selected CARICOM / CRFM Member States and develop models for planning and implementing alternative livelihood programmes suited to their socio-economic and natural environments; and to identify the demographic and socio-economic variables underlying the low standards of living in the fishing communities, and devise means of monitoring and evaluating them to determine the achievements of the poverty alleviation programmes. The expected outputs are: (i) the Diagnostic Study Report, including recommendations and models for planning and implementing alternative livelihood programmes, and the identification of suitable socio-economic and demographic indicators for ongoing monitoring and evaluation; and (ii) Skills in field research (qualitative and quantitative) acquired by field workers from Member States.
Status of the Project:
Implementation on this project commenced in October 2009 with a two day CARISEC/CRFM/Kingdom of Spain Workshop in St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The Workshop reviewed: (i) the Terms of Reference for the Project; (ii) the Terms of Reference for a Regional Project Coordinator (iii) documentation on the methodology to be employed in the survey, including the criteria for the identification of the 10 select CRFM member states in which the project is to be conducted; (iv) the timelines for the project activities and the attendant logistics and adjusted these as necessary; and (v) finalised the draft agenda/program, including duration, dates, venue and budget for the training workshop for the surveyors.
The draft criteria and relevant questionnaires to solicit information needed to aid the selection of the ten countries in which the Study will be conducted were circulated to Member States. Based on the information received, the following countries were selected – Barbados, The Bahamas, Belize, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago. The selected countries were notified accordingly.
The training workshop for surveyors was convened in Grenada from the 25 to 26 February 2010. There, the surveyors were informed about the Study; the surveys that would be undertaken and the subsequent analysis to be carried out on the data obtained; and and provided with training on the data collection techniques to be utilised.
Following the training workshop, and in keeping with the agreed Way Forward, comments on the revised questionnaires and manual to be used in the survey, as well as updated country information, which assisted in the determination of the sample frame for each country, were provided and the questionnaires and manual and the software for data entry finalized. The field survey commenced in earnest in July 2010.
During the month of November 2010, the Regional Project Coordinator undertook monitoring missions to six of the ten selected member states involved in the study. The main purpose of these visits was to observe and participate in the field and data management activities, including data transmission to the Consultant, Tragsatec. During the visits, the RPC also made a presentation about the Study to the staff of the Fisheries Divisions / Departments as well as other invited stakeholders and collected copies of any promotional materials that would have been used to inform stakeholders and the general public about the Study. The field survey and data input and transmission to the Consultants, Tragsatec, has now been completed. Data analysis is currently being conducted and the Diagnostic Study Report prepared. A regional workshop to review the findings of the survey is being planned for October 2011.
Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (CLME) Project
The Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem and Adjacent Regions (CLME) Project is a 4 year Global Environment Fund (GEF) intervention worth a total of US$56,310,947 (US$7,008,116 from GEF and US$47,804,111 in co-financing). The Project partners include 23 GEF countries, 2 associate countries and 11 organizations.
OBJECTIVES and OUTPUTS
The overall objective of the project is the sustainable management of the shared living marine resources of the Caribbean LME and adjacent areas through an integrated management approach that will meet the WSSD target for sustainable fisheries. The specific project objectives include: to identify, analyze and agree upon major issues, root causes and actions required to achieve sustainable management of the shared LMR in the Caribbean LME and its adjacent regions; to improve the shared knowledge base for sustainable use and management of transboundary living marine resources; to implement legal, policy and institutional (SAP) reforms to achieve sustainable transboundary living marine resource management; and to develop an institutional and procedural approach to LME level monitoring, evaluation and reporting.
The CLME project builds on and complements existing projects and initiatives that emphasize technical and institutional aspects of sustainable living marine resource (LMR) use by focusing on governance, knowledge, and institutional issues in a transboundary marine context. The regional scope of the CLME project will serve as a platform for governments and other stakeholders to collectively pursue the goals of economic and environmental sustainability. With the CLME project, there is the opportunity for implementation of management reforms that will permit sustainable development and management of the shared LMRs of the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem and adjacent regions. Since most LMRs are shared in some way, these reforms can be expected to lead to improved food security and enhanced livelihoods in coastal communities that rely on fisheries and tourism.
The CLME Project began on 1 May 2009 and will run until 30 April 2013. The Project implementing agency is the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with IOC of UNESCO and the executing agency is the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS). The project is administered from a small Project Coordination Unit (PCU) located in the offices of IOCARIBE, IOC of UNESCO, in Cartagena, Colombia.
The focus of the project is to assist Caribbean countries to improve the management of their shared living marine resources, most of which are considered to be fully or over exploited, through an ecosystem level approach. A preliminary Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis (TDA) identified three priority transboundary problems that affect the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (CLME): unsustainable exploitation of fish and other living resources, habitat degradation and community modification, and pollution.
The final TDA will serve as the scientific basis for the development of a Strategic Action Programme (SAP). The SAP will include a shared vision for the CLME, required priority interventions, such as fishery reforms, conservation measures and pollution control. As part of the SAP, the Project will promote the creation of a management and governance framework, based on linked policy cycles at multiple levels. This way the CLME Project will facilitate the strengthening of fishery governance in the Caribbean at the regional, sub-regional, national and local levels by working with existing structures, strengthening horizontal and vertical linkages both politically and technically. To assist this process, the project will create an integrated information management system bringing together congruent fisheries, biological, pollution and socio-economic data and information as powerful management tool. Similarly, a monitoring and evaluation framework and a Regional Monitoring Environmental Programme (REMP) will be developed.
Pilot projects on specific transboundary fisheries (spiny lobster and reef fisheries) will test governance models at the local, national and sub-regional levels and provide additional knowledge on means of applying ecosystem based approaches to fisheries management and determining the fisheries’ socio-economic importance and sensitivities.
The CRFM has been contracted to implement the Case Study on Eastern Caribbean Flyingfish Fishery: TDA Gap Filling and SAP Activities for the Shared Stocks of the Eastern Caribbean Flyingfish Fishery and the Case Study on Large Pelagic Fishery: TDA Gap Filling and SAP Activities for the Large Pelagic Fishery.
Status of the Case Studies
In keeping with the Terms of Reference for the CRFM administered consultancies, Consultancy Steering Committees have been established for each of the Case Studies to be completed. Both Steering Committees are comprised of senior-level fisheries technical and management advisory experts from several States with major fisheries, as well as those regional and international organizations and institutions (OECS, FAO, UWI, IFREMER, regional fisherfolk organizations), with key overlapping interests in the sustainable management of the Eastern Caribbean flyingfish and large pelagic fisheries.
The Eastern Caribbean Flyingfish Fish Resource CSC and the Large Pelagic Fish Resource CSC each convened its first meeting in Barbados on 10 and 11 February 2011, respectively, with two main aims: to review their Terms of Reference, and to discuss and endorse the proposed work plans, budgets and schedules for the two Studies. The reports of these meetings are being finalised and copies should be available shortly.
As part of the data improvement activity being implemented for the two case study consultancies, field visits were undertaken to Barbados, St. Lucia and Tobago to attempt to locate and retrieve historical data on the flyingfish and dolphinfish fisheries, and also to interview fishers to validate current data, information and knowledge of the two fisheries, and in the case of flyingfish fishery, also identify priority areas of management given multiple objectives and by this means, also identify priority areas for data review and improvement.
During June to December 2011, data improvement work on flyingfish will continue. This will involve continued and expanded field work in 3 flyingfish countries, in order to ensure a regional focus. Additional fisher and fisheries division staff interviews would be conducted to: (i) strengthen the present identification of management objective priorities for flyingfish (increase the present sample size); (ii) understand the expectation of how these objectives are to be operationalised; and (iii) gather and priortise the necessary additional data that could be used as indicators of performance of the priority management objectives.
Note: Further information on the CLME Project can be found at http://www.clme.iwlearn.org